Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your body does not produce enough insulin or does not use insulin as it should. Insulin aids in the transport of glucose (commonly known as sugar) to your cells. As a result, when there is a problem with the insulin, glucose accumulates in the blood. This is known as high blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 90% of individuals. The other two major types are type 1, which occurs when your body stops producing insulin, and gestational, which occurs in pregnant women.
Type 2 diabetes is frequently manageable by diet and exercise changes. Some individuals require medication as well.
Symptoms of Type 2 diabetes may appear gradually. They may include the following:
- Feeling of Thirsty: When sugar accumulates in your blood, your kidneys work harder to eliminate it. This draws fluids from your tissues, dehydrating you and making you thirsty.
- Hunger: Diabetes can prevent glucose from reaching your cells, causing you to feel hungry even after you’ve eaten.
- Peeing frequently: Because your kidneys are working to eliminate excess sugar in your system, you will pee more.
- Vision is blurred: High blood sugar levels can impair your ability to focus.
- Headaches: High blood sugar levels might cause headaches.
- Loss of Consciousness: If you exercise, skip a meal, or take too much medicine, your blood sugar may drop to dangerously low levels, causing you to pass out.
- Infections or unhealed sores: High blood sugar levels might decrease blood flow and make it more difficult for your body to repair.
When to Call Your Doctor
Inform them if you are experiencing any of the usual symptoms of type 2 diabetes or if you have any questions regarding type 2 diabetes. To avoid significant problems, it is critical to get tested and begin treatment as soon as possible.